How to test for Early Pregnancy?


How to test for Early Pregnancy?

If you think you might be pregnant, the sooner you know, the better. This is because the first few weeks of pregnancy is crucial for fetal development. So the earlier you know of your pregnancy, the earlier you can start making important health choices for yourself and your baby. Early prenatal care is essential for a healthy pregnancy and baby's survival.


What types of pregnancy testing are available?

After the egg is fertilised, it travels to the uterus (womb) and implants itself in the uterine wall. At this stage, your body starts producing a pregnancy hormone called hCG. It is this hormone that is used to detect if you are pregnant.


Two main types of early pregnancy tests available:

1) Urine pregnancy testing

This is often the first choice for many women as it is fairly simple to be done. Urine tests can be done at home or in a clinic by your doctor. Some urine pregnancy tests that is available today are so sensitive that it is able to detect pregnancy up to 5 days before your expected period, before you even start to notice any bodily changes! It is also highly accurate to detect pregnancy, with very low rates for a false reading. However, if you are still unsure after a positive home urine pregnancy test, you can confirm your results by seeing your doctor, who can perform follow up tests.


2) Blood pregnancy testing

Like urine pregnancy tests, the blood pregnancy test also checks for the pregnancy hormone hCG. It is a test to be carried out by your doctor and is more accurate than the urine pregnancy test.

These tests can detect pregnancy earlier than a home pregnancy test, starting from a week after you ovulate (produce egg). However, unlike the urine pregnancy tests, the results isn't immediate. Results usually can be obtained within the day (if done early in the morning), or by the next day.


In fact, there are two types of blood pregnancy tests available:

1.) A qualitative hCG test

This simply checks to see if hCG is present. It gives a "yes" or "no" answer to the question of pregnancy.

2.) A quantitative hCG test

This test measures the exact amount of hCG in your blood, down to very low levels of hCG. This test also gives you a rough gauge of how many weeks along you are.


How do I use the urine pregnancy test at home?

The best time of day to take this test is when you wake up first thing in the morning, after your first early morning pee. Many tests instruct you to hold the stick in your urine stream and then place it on a flat surface for a certain number of minutes, although some may ask you to place the stick in a cup of your pee instead. Hence it is important to read and follow the instructions for your test carefully. Also, make sure the test has not passed its expiry date, as that may affect the accuracy of the results.


What if I have one positive and one negative urine test?

Many women undergo urine pregnancy testing multiple times, in order to confirm the presence or absence of a pregnancy.

If you have performed the test more than once, and the results don't match, visit us for proper evaluation and testing.


If you think you have are pregnant, and you to do an early pregnancy test, please visit our clinics during operating hours.

Comment on "How to test for Early Pregnancy?"

  1. Alina

    I am a lactating mother and I think I might be pregnant again. I have done home pregnancy test several times but I got irregular results. Could it be a false results but I experience some early pregnancy symptoms.

    • Dr. Kaarthig

      Hi Ms Alina,

      It is not impossible to get pregnant while lactating although we don’t see it often. Have you already started getting your menses after the delivery of your last child? A simple blood test will be a better indicator if you are indeed pregnant at this juncture. I suggest you see your healthcare practitioner and get that done to alleviate your concerns.

  2. Alice

    My last MP was Aug 30 (30 day cycles) So, I took two different UPT on Sept 24 afternoon and they both showed faint positive. This morning I repeat another UPT and it turns negative. I’m not sure if it was defective.

    • Dr. Kaarthig

      Hi Ms Alice,

      The fact that you have taken three different urinary pregnancy tests tells me you are indeed worried about being pregnant. A few factors can affect these tests including the time you took the test and the quality of the urine sample you provided for the test. In situations like this, I would advise that you do a blood test for HCG to confirm the pregnancy. You would need to be evaluated by your healthcare practitioner prior to it though.

  3. christine

    Im a mother of 3 children, i have had all of them a year a part.But none of the pregnancy test kit gave me accurate readings which i took for granted twice and am now left with a fourth possible chance of being pregnant, UPT negative. What are other methods i can do at home to find out if i am really pregnant??

    • Dr. Kaarthig

      Hi Ms Christine,

      There are many home kits available, some claim to be more accurate than others. Besides that, the time of day when you take the test, how far along you are in the pregnancy and the quality of urine sample provided for the test all affect its accuracy. I suggest you visit a healthcare professional for quantitive HCG testing to confirm your pregnancy status. That’s the most reliable thus far.

  4. Janice

    Hi Dr, i would like to know whats the best time to get a home pregnancy test done and also how would i know whats the best sample ??

  5. Tina

    Hi dr…..Can a fertility drugs or medication interfere with pregnancy test results?

  6. Archana Rajan

    Hi DR, i just got married recently on January and i’m very much interested to have a baby. I have done with home pregnancy test twice but the result just disappointed me by showing (-). Appreciate your advise on how can i get pregnant fast. Or is this a very early stage for me since i just got married a month ago.

    • Dr. Kaarthig

      When you got married has no indication on when you’re going to get pregnant. Multiple factors including both parties sexual health, hormonal status and even the way intercourse is had plays a big role in this. Please come in for a consultation and we can work through these respective issues.

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